UFO Theories: Particle Beams
toward the sky, a properly tuned proton beam, focused by magnetic lenses, would
pass through the first few thousand meters of air with no apparent effect.
the energy levels are adjusted right, the beam itself wouldn't be visible.
when the energy of the beam dropped to a critical value, it would dump its
remaining energy in a very short distance, ionizing the oxygen and nitrogen
atoms of the atmosphere, causing one damn fine glowing ball of plasma.
Assuming a circular beam aperture, the plasma
would also take on a circular shape. Viewed from the side, the plasma would have
a lenticular cross-section, and possibly even a different color from the bottom
to the top due to the energy gradient of the dying beam. In short, it would look
just like a glowing saucer.
The beam could quickly be moved laterally, giving
the plasma the appearance of instantly moving across the sky, much as a
searchlight can jump "instantly" across the bottom of a cloud.
But what about up and down? By changing the
average energy of the individual protons, their range is also changed. This
would make the plasma appear to instantly jump or "stairstep"
vertically. By changing the number of protons per unit area in the beam (the
particle flux, in nerd-speak), the plasma would appear to brighten or dim, but
still staying in the same relative spot. It could be made to look so bright,
onlookers might think it was about to explode.
August 3, 2000, at 1715 hours, a witness noticed a
tornado shaped cloud in sky while driving through
the town of Mt Evelyn, in Victoria,
He pointed the cloud out to his brother, a
passenger in the car.
was approaching, they noticed the spectacular sunset over Mt Dandenong.
The driver, a photographer, rang home to get a camera prepared to take
As he was
looking toward the sky to see if could he could spot tornado shaped cloud,
the man noticed what appeared to be a spherical cloud, orange in colour.
brothers noticed at least three reflections from centre of the "cloud".
At this point they became aware that this was not in fact a cloud.
Reflections and strange movements made it look like a fireball in the sky
see trails of fire forming and streaking downwards. The photograph below
was taken aiming toward Sale Air Force Base
and the Omega Power Mast in Darriman. Are proton beams being tested at these
highly secured installations?
It turns out that a beam of protons with an
average energy of 500-600 million electron volts (MeV), will travel through
about 1 mile of air at the density altitude of Groom Lake before dying.
sound like a lot of energy, but in the accelerator world it's modest to
There are plenty of synchotrons out there that can do at least 500
million electron volts on a continuous duty basis, and there's no need for
A huge synchrotron is being built not
too far away. In an outer suburb of Melbourne
construction began on a synchrotron, about the size of a large football stadium in
During Surveyor V11's landing on the
moon on January 7, 1968, the spacecrafts camera system
picked two narrow laser beams that had been aimed towards it from two
observatories in the U.S.
One popular Area 51 story was that there were
no exotic craft at Groom Lake. What operated in the testing range is a particle beam
and its operation was mistaken for disc shaped craft. A source
said the device was in a long, covered trench who's cover
slid away for testing. Further, this source said he had seen the device,
and that nothing could be in the air for miles around when it operated.
While an interesting story, it is
very difficult to figure out how a particle beam could produce spherical balls of
light which danced across the sky.
Physics however tells us that this
is sot only possible, but
There have been some remarkable
sightings in the Groom Lake area which remain unexplained. Most of these are glowing, saucer-shaped
objects, generic flying saucers.
What could have possibly caused such sights?
Objects that can "stairstep" up apparently instantly....move across
considerable distances of the sky, also apparently instantly....grow dim, then
grow so bright that distant onlookers were fearful it might explode? Are they
actual 'flying objects or is there another explanation for such fantastic sights?
Particle, in this context, refers to the sub-atomic bits that make up an atom.
Protons and electrons (which have an electrical charge) and neutrons (which
don't have a charge). When you fire charged particles into
a target, they don't behave exactly as you might intuitively think. When you
shoot a big bullet at a wall it starts to lose energy and slow down just
as soon as it begins to impact the wall. But things on the subatomic scale are nearly so simple.
Atoms are mostly empty space with various
areas of electric charge (AKA, the previously mentioned protons and electrons)
just sort of hanging about. When a particle with a charge is sent careening
toward an atom, it doesn't just smack into it. Instead, as it approaches, the
electric field of the particle (remember, it's charged) starts interacting with
the electric field of the atom's electrons and protons and begins to repel or
attract, (depending on the charge of the particles) like a tiny spring. This
gradual interaction tends to gently nudge or deflect the particle away from the
atom, avoiding a head-on collision.
The thing about it is that this interaction
is very velocity dependent (actually it depends on the square of the relative
velocity). If the charged particle is moving very fast, it just sort of whizzes
right by (or even through) the atom, without much interaction. Of course the particle loses a
little energy in the exchange, but continues merrily along its way. Finally,
when the velocity (i.e., the energy) of the particle drops below a certain
critical value, it just dumps its remaining energy load into the atoms that
happen to be in its neighborhood at the time, knocking off electrons and just
generally causing a ruckus. The surprising thing about it is that if you give
the particle enough energy, it will pass through the initial part of the target
with relatively little effect, and release most of its energy at the very end of
its travel, going out with a bang, so to speak.
This principle is used in some medical
treatments involving treatment of cancers or tumors located where conventional
surgical operations are risky, like the brain. Beams of protons of precise
energy are directed into patients to zap tumors. The protons pass through
intervening bone and tissue until their energy drops to a specific level where
they dump their considerable remaining energy. If things are set up right, the
spot where this happens is in the middle of the tumor to be zapped.
The accuracy is so good, the beams can be set up to dump
their energy in only a few cubic millimeters of volume. Loma Linda Medical
Center in Southern California has been a pioneer in this technology.
This only works with charged particles.
Neutrons, lacking a charge, won't do it. But which charged particles? It turns
out the most likely suspects for aerial pyrotechnics we're interested in are
protons. Electrons can be ruled out because they're so light (about a two
thousandth of the weight of a proton) they wouldn't penetrate very far in the
air. The nuclei of Deuterium, Tritium and Helium can also likely be ruled out,
as they are so heavy, prohibitively high amounts of energy would be necessary to
scoot them across the sky. That leaves protons or antiprotons. And lacking one
of those nifty Element 115 antiproton generators, antiprotons can likely be
excluded due to the need for creating considerable volumes.
So that pretty much
leaves a proton beam.
Technically, the stopping power of a particle
beam, given as a loss of energy per distance, is quantified by something called
the "Bethe formula". If one takes the results of this formula, and
plots the value of the energy lost versus the distance traveled, (This is called
a "Bragg curve") it becomes plain that most of the energy let loose by
the charged particle is at the very end of its journey. Just how much energy is
released and how far the particle gets varies tremendously with the choice of
particle and just what you happen to be aiming at.
Reports of Particle Beam produced
balls of dancing light were not restricted to Groom Lake.
While camping adjacent to White Sands,
a man saw a number of glowing orb
shapes flitting in the sky over White Sands. He was so disturbed by what he was
seeing, he immediately packed up his camp and beat left the area.
There have been suggestively similar
sightings at Northrop's Tejon Ranch radar cross section facility in western
Antelope Valley, Southern California. There have been several fairly credible
reports of glowing orbs seen around that place. These orbs don't seem to flit
around as fast or as far as those reported at Groom, but a glowing orb is a
The most probable explanation: Radar.
A device based upon this principle would make
a really exquisite radar spoofing tool. The ionized plasma would give a good
radar return, giving targeting radars something else to lock on to, instead of
incoming aircraft. The ability to project an object of apparent solidity to
enemy radar, instantly manipulatable, would be a most valuable little toy. As an added bonus, the plasma might even have
significant emissions in the IR bands, as a decoy for heat seeking missiles.
With enough engineering, it might be possible to reduce the size of the particle
accelerator/generator to something small enough to fit on an aircraft. The energy requirements would still be quite large, but
great advances have been made in the short-term generation of power through
chemical means (i.e., airborne lasers).
The time of day of the observations (always
after dark) becomes explainable also. In daytime operations the plasma would be
barely visible against the sunlit sky. In order to observe the shape and quality
of the projected beam, darkness would be desirable. Also personnel on the base
are minimal, and so is aircraft traffic.
Another suggestion has been that the
Particle Beam device is used to shoot at UFO's.
One source, a physicist in the
Office of Naval Intelligence, has said that this shooting-down of
non-hostile UFOs is done by out-of-control, arrogant
"cowboys" using "unimaginable technologies"
without any justification.
Click below to watch two short video
clips of missiles seemingly being fired at objects which dart about on the
fringes of the Earth's atmosphere.
avoiding disk2 mpeg