Mysteries of the Moon
Latest moon news:
September 10, 2002: Skeptic sees stars when astronaut lands punch
California: Police are investigating allegations former Apollo 11 astronaut Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin made a skeptic see stars by punching him when confronted with charges that his historic 1969 moonwalk was a hoax, police said today.
The 72-year-old Aldrin, who was one of the first two astronauts to walk on the lunar landscape when the United States landed man on the moon on July 20, 1969, is accused of punching independent filmmaker Bart Sibrel in the face outside a Beverly Hills hotel yesterday.
Sibril, 37, - who believes the moon landings were faked to fool the Soviets into believing the United States had achieved the ultimate space goal - was used by a Japanese television team to surprise Aldrin with an "ambush", following an interview in the hotel.
"I walked up to him on the sidewalk and put a bible up to him and asked him to swear on the bible that he actually walked on the moon," Sibril, who has confronted Aldrin on two other occasions, told AFP.
"He refused to do it so I told him he was a thief to take money for giving and interview on something he didn't do. That's when he hit me and ran off across the road."
Beverly Hills police spokesman Lieutenant Gary Gilmont said the department was investigating the alleged assault but that no arrests had been made or charges brought.
Aldrin's representatives were not immediately available for comment.
Sibril has made a film called "A Funny Thing Happened On The Way To The Moon," in which he claims that the Apollo 11 and subsequent astronauts had faked their moon walk and their orbit around it using trick photography.
He claimed that the Apollo 11 mission never got more than halfway to the moon during the mission when astronaut Neil Armstrong stepped on the moon uttering the words: "One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
Sibril said he learned of the alleged government conspiracy to fake the moon landing through a former space agency employee and after he discovered a National Aeronautical and Space Agency tape in which the alleged trick photography was apparent.
"I just can't believe that as a race of people we would have done such a wicked thing as to pretend that we had done something as big as this without ever having done it," said the film maker, who had confronted Aldrin twice previously on the issue.
The Age - Melbourne
Some very weird facts about our nearest neighbour.
Despite six visits to the Moon by Astronauts between 1969 and 1972, the moon remains a riddle to scientists in many regards. The landings have not bought Lunar Scientists any closer to being able to answer the most basic questions about the moon - such as how the moon was created. What we have learnt since the Apollo missions has simply led to more questions: Is the moon hollow?, were we warned off?, where did the moon come from?, is the moon a space ship?, is the lunar eclipse an impossible coincidence?, what is the origin of moon rocks?, are huge disk shaped objects located beneath the moons lava seas?, has there been volcanic activity on the moon?, what are the structures and lights that have been seen on the moon?
During Surveyor V11's landing on the moon on January 7, 1968, the spacecrafts camera system picked up two narrow laser beams that had been aimed towards it from two observatories in the U.S. The blue - green laser beams each contained only about 1 watt of power, but appeared on camera somewhat brighter than the brightest star, Sirius.
humans warned off?
Science writer Earl Ubel once wrote, "The Lunar Rosetta Stone remains a mystery. The moon is more complicated than anyone expected; it is not some kind of billiard ball frozen in space and time, as many scientists had believed. Few of the fundamental questions have been answered, but the Apollo rocks and recordings have spawned a score of mysteries, a few truly breath stopping."
In his book Alien Agenda, Jim Marrs reviews several theories that have been put forward.
The Spaceship Moon Theory
The theory was re-vitalized in 1975 with the publication of Our Mysterious Spaceship Moon by Don Wilson. He stated that "Too many pieces of evidence seem to fit to reject the theory without investigation."
There is even tantalizing evidence that in the dim recesses of human memory there have been recollections of a time before the arrival of the moon. Aristotle told of a people who lived in Arcadia, a mountainous region in Central Greece, long before the coming of the Greeks. The Greek term Proscelene means before the moon. In Tibetan texts there are stories of a people on a lost continent called Gondwana, said to be civilized before the moon shone in the night sky. Bolivian symbols have been interpreted by Dr. P. Allen as records that a satellite came into orbit around the Earth about 11,500 to 13,000 years ago.
Where did the moon come
Author and expert on the ancient Sumerian civilization, Zecharia Sitchen also had an interest in the moon. Our mysterious satellite has caused much argument among scientists with respect to its age and origin (Go to our moon mysteries page for more information). Sitchen wrote in his book Genesis Revisited (1990), some answers are provided if we go back to the Sumerian cosmology. The assertion here is that the moon originated not as a satellite of Earth but the much larger planet, Tiamat, which is placed beyond Mars. The Sumerian cosmology describes an unstable solar system caused by emerging gravitational forces disturbing planetary balance and causing moons to grow disproportionately. According to the Sumerians, one of the eleven moons of Tiamat grew to an unusual size. and proved to be increasingly disruptive to the other planets. It was named 'Kingu'. In an ensuing celestial battle, Tiamat was split in two; one half was shattered; the other half, accompanied by Kingu, was thrust into a new orbit to become the Earth and its moon.
The mystery of the lunar
The moon older than the
earth and sun?
Scientists nowadays accept the moon to be 4.6 billion years old.
Harvard's respected astronomy journal, Sky and Telescope, reported that at a lunar conference in 1973 dated a lunar rock as 5.3 billion years old which would make it almost a billion years older than our planet.
Titanium and rust proof
Some of the rocks gathered by a Soviet mission in 1970 were resistant to rusting. This is not a feature of any metal known to man and years ahead of our technology.
The moon has three distinct layers of rocks. Contrary to the idea heavier rocks sink, the heavier rocks are found on the surface. Stated Don Wilson, "The abundance of titanium and other refractory elements in the surface areas is so pronounced that several geo-chemists proposed that refractory compounds were bought to the moon's surface in great quantity in some unknown way. That this was done cannot be questioned. These materials which are usually concentrated towards the interior of a world are now on the outside."
Earl Ubel, who was a former science director for CBS Television added to the mystery by stating that, "The first layer (20 miles deep), consists of lava-like material similar to lava flows on Earth. The second, extending down to 50 miles, is made up of somewhat denser rock. The third, continuing to a depth of at least 80 miles and probably below, appears to be of a heavier metal, similar to the Earth's mantle."
Many of the rock samples discovered on the moon have also been found to be magnetized. It has been suggested that this is due to their exposure to the magnetism present on earth. Others have rebutted this claim by arguing that if such an influence was placed on the moon, the earths magnetism would have caused the destruction of the moon and its orbit many millions of years ago.
Huge disk shaped objects
located beneath the moons lava seas!
The mascons were first discovered because their density distorted the orbits of objects flying over or near them. Some scientists have theorised that the mascons are heavy iron ore meteorites that plunged into the moon when it was in a soft and formable state.
Volcanic activity on the
In 1959 a dark object had been observed hovering over the moon for two hours. On July 29, John O'Neill observed a nineteen kilometre long bridge strabbling the crater Mare Crisium. One month later famous British astronomer Dr H Wilkins verified the sighting.
In the twelve months to September 1966, Operation Moonblink had detected 28 unusual lunar events.
In 1968 an obelisk shaped object was discovered. This became known as the 'Shard'. The object rose nearly two and a half kilometres above the Urkert area of the moon's surface, which rises more than eight kilometres from the Sinus Medii region. No known natural process can explain the structure.
Is the moon hollow?
The most starling evidence came on November 20 1969, when the Apollo 12 crew, after returning to their command ship, sent the lunar module ascent stage crashing down back on to the moon, creating an artificial earthquake. The crash site was 40 miles from where the astronauts had left their seismic devices. The ultra sensitive equipment recorded the moon ringing like a bell for more almost forty minutes. The vibration took almost eight minutes to reach a peak and then diminished in intensity.
This ringing was repeated when the Apollo 13's third stage fell to the lunar surface, striking with the equivalent of eleven tons of TNT. According to NASA, this time the moon reacted like a gong. Although seismic equipment was 108 miles from the crash site, recordings showed reverberations lasted for three hours and twenty minutes and traveled to a depth of twenty-two to twenty-five miles. Subsequent studies of man-made crashes yielded similar results. After one impact the moon reverberated for four hours.
On March 13, 1972, a large meteorite struck the moon with the equivalent off 200 ton of TNT. After sending shockwaves deep into the interior of the moon, scientists were baffled to find that none returned, concerning there is something unusual about the moon's core. It seems the moon has a tough outer shell but a light, or non-existent interior.