Dr Carol Rosin was the first female corporate manager of Fairchild Industries and was spokesperson for German rocket scientist to NASA, Werner von Braun, in his later years.
She founded the Institute for Security and Cooperation in Outer Space in Washington, DC, and has testified before Congress on many occasions about space-based weapons.
Von Braun revealed to Dr Robin a plan to justify weapons in space, based on hoaxing first, a Russian threat, then a terrorist threat, an asteroid threat, then finally an extraterrestrial threat.
(Rosin was also present at meetings in the 1970's when the scenario for the Gulf War of the 1990's was planned.)
1947: Congress approved the formation of the CIA.
Latest CIA News:
June 5, 2002: CIA terror hit squad
The US Central Intelligence Agency has created a new super-secret paramilitary unit to hunt known terrorists and their leaders abroad.
new hit team will operate under the command of the
agency's counter-terrorism centre, which is behind
the US-led war on terror.
staffing levels, weaponry and the location of its
home base remain highly classified.
unit is being set up as US and allied forces are
stepping up operations along the border between
Afghanistan and Pakistan to hunt remnants of the
deposed Taliban regime and al-Qaeda terror
network, blamed for the September 11 terrorist
attacks on the United States.
President George W. Bush has repeatedly stated he
wants al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden "dead
or alive". But so far, the Saudi-born
extremist has not been sighted.
Its staffing levels, weaponry and the location of its home base remain highly classified.
The unit is being set up as US and allied forces are stepping up operations along the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan to hunt remnants of the deposed Taliban regime and al-Qaeda terror network, blamed for the September 11 terrorist attacks on the United States.
US President George W. Bush has repeatedly stated he wants al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden "dead or alive". But so far, the Saudi-born extremist has not been sighted.
January 21, 2002. Giuliani CIA offer.
Former NY Mayor, Rudolph Giuliani, may become the next director of the CIA
A report on January 21, 2002 stated that sources said Giuliani could be offered the job as soon as next month. Present director George Tenet, who has been boss for five years, came under fire for the agencies failure to detect warning signals of the September 11 attacks.
January 20, 2002. Military plan to kill own men scuttled by JFK
Documents produced beginning in late 1961, following the ill-fated Bay of Pigs invasion that spring, show President John F Kennedy, angered by the inept actions of the CIA, had shifted responsibility for Cuba from that agency to the Department of Defence. Here military strategists discussed plans to create terrorist actions. In March 1962, an outraged President Kennedy scuttled the plan hatched, at the height of the Cold War by US military leaders to kill their own men in a bid to win support for a war against Cuba.
Codenamed Northwoods, the secret operation included the possible assassination of Cuban migrants, sinking refugee boats, hijacking planes, and terrorism in US. cities.
The terrorist activities were to target Florida, especially the Miami area, and even Washington. Bombs were to be exploded in carefully chosen locations and coordinated with the release of prepared documents pointing to Cuban complicity.
The aim was to fool the US public into backing an invasion to overthrow Fidel Castro's communist regime.
Military chiefs, contemplating US military casualties, wrote: "We could blow up a US ship in Guantanamo Bay and blame Cuba - casualty lists in US newspapers would cause a helpful wave of national indignation."
The plans are revealed in 'Body of Secrets', a history of the National Security Agency - America's largest spy organisation - by James Bamford, published in early 2002.
The 40-page document came to light, Mr Bamford said, in part because of the 1992 Oliver Stone film JFK. As interest in the conspiracy grew, the US Congress eased restrictions on access to records related to the Presidents death.
With the operation pigeon-holed, the plans were hidden for forty years - until Mr Bamford received a tip-off about their existence.
"The military was trying to trick American people into a war they (the military) wanted," he told ABC television in the US. "There really was a worry at the time about the millions going off crazy and while they never succeeded it wasn't for lack of trying."
Walter Bedell Smith.
George Herbert Walker Bush.
Bush was the head of the CIA when President Jimmy Carter was denied further information on UFO activity. Although Carter was the President, Bush found that he did not have sufficient clearance to access such information.
In 1976, a Senate committee headed by Frank Church proposed revealing size of the country's black budget -- intelligence spending that, in contradiction to the Constitution, is kept secret even from the Hill. According to journalist Tim Weiner, George H.W. Bush argued that the revelation would be a disaster and would compromise the agency beyond repair. By a one vote margin the matter is referred to the Senate. It never reaches the floor.
In an interesting story published in Melbourne's Herald-Sun newspaper on November 5, 2001, it was reported that recently declassified documents showed the CIA tried to uncover the Kremlin's deepest secrets during the 1960's by turning cats into walking bugging devices.
In one experiment, during the Cold War, a cat, dubbed Acoustic Kitty, was wired up for use as an eavesdropping platform. It was hoped that the animal, which was surgically altered to accommodate transmitting and control devices, could listen to secret conversations from window sills, park benches or dustbins.
Victor Marchetti said project Acoustic Kitty, which cost about
$20million was a gruesome creation.
Marchetti said the first live trial was an expensive disaster. "They took it out to a park and put him out of a van, and a taxi comes and runs him over."
The document, which was one of 40 to be declassified from the CIA's closely guarded Science and Technology Directorate - where spying techniques are refined - is still partly censored.
B. “Buzzy” Krongard
Mr. Krongard had previously worked in various capacities at Alex. Brown Incorporated, the nation’s oldest investment banking firm.
In 1991 he was elected as Chief Executive Officer and assumed the additional duties of Chairman of the Board in 1994.
Krongard was credited with engineering Alex. Brown's 1997 merger with Bankers Trust New York Corp., the nation's seventh-largest bank holding company with assets of $140 billion.
Upon the merger in September 1997, Mr. Krongard became Vice Chairman of the Board of Bankers Trust and served in such capacity until joining CIA.
Interestingly, Krongard's former company has been accused of being at the centre of put options purchases in the weeks leading up to the terrorist attacks of September 11. Click for more on the attacks on New York and Washington.
Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Central Intelligence Agency has come under intense scrutiny both for the apparent lack of knowledge it had of the impending attacks but also for some of the organizations past actions.
The CIA's method's came under question in a story published in Melbourne's Sunday Age newspaper on September 23.
Shadowy spectre of CIA rethinks its ban on political murder. By Julie Lewis
The communiqué from CIA headquarters is chilling. "Sub-machine guns and ammo being sent by regular courier," it reads in heavily typed capital letters.
"Leaving Washington 0700 hours 19 October due arrive Santiago late evening 20 October or early morning 21 October. Preferred use regular courier to avoid bringing undue attention to op."
The guns smuggled inside the diplomatic pouch were destined for use in the kidnapping of General Rene Schneider, a Chilean military leader who had resisted CIA plotting to prevent Salvador Allende from assuming the presidency of his nation.
Ultimately, the kidnap became an assassination. A coup followed soon after, and Allende became the next victim, killed by his own hand according to Pinochet's forces, assassinated according to his supporters.
Schneider and his democratically elected leader were neither the first nor last foreign dignitaries who died in plots involving to varying degrees the United States shadowy foreign intelligence service, the CIA, in the 1950's, 60's and '70's.
CIA operatives considered infecting Congolese leader Patrice Lumumba's toothbrush with a deadly disease. They came up with numerous improbable plans to take the life of Cuban leader Fidel Castro: impregnating his cigar with poison, coating the inside of his scuba suit with toxins.
The original thinkers at the CIA even investigated stuffing a seashell with explosives, and planting it on the bottom of the ocean for the scuba-diving communist leader to find.
They conspired with the Mafia to spike Castro's food, and mulled dusting his shoes with a substance designed to make his beard fall out.
The US spooks were complicit in the deaths of Rafael Trujillo, of the Dominican Republic, and President Ngo Dinh Diem, of South Vietnam.
During the dispiriting war America waged in that last country, CIA men established and oversaw the Phoenix Program, designed to disrupt the Vietcong's underground networks by assassinating its cadres. Unofficial estimates of the numbers of people killed are as high as 200,000.
As the death toll mounted, and a powerful Senate committee led by Idaho Democrat Frank Church rocked an already alarmed nation with its revelations of CIA dirty tricks, president Gerald Ford issued an executive order in 1975 revoking the CIA's licence to kill.
Successive presidents, Democrat and Republican, have adhered to the ban on state-sponsored political assassination. President Ronald Reagan even strengthened it, and intermittent calls for the CIA's hands to be untied have been soundly rejected - until now.
The events of September 11 have given calls for the removal of the ban renewed impetus. "It's a different ball game now," Deputy Defence Secretary Paul Wolfowitz has said.
Even former senator Gary Hart, once a member of the Church committee, supports lifting the ban. War has now changed its nature, he told the ABC's 7.30 Report last week. The distinction between war and crime has forever been blurred and military means will not solve this problem.
Senator Hart jointly led a bipartisan investigation assembled by Congress to examine terrorist threats, and has looked long and hard at the sorts of enemies the United States is now dealing with. These people are not only enemy warriors, they are enemy criminals, he said. If you were being shot at, you have to shoot back.
There is, however, a good argument to be made that the ban on political assassinations has not stopped the United States from shooting back when it finds it necessary. "I devoutly believe if the US government wanted someone to go away they were not inhibited by Gerald Ford's memory," Christopher Hitchens, journalist and author of The Trial of Henry Kissinger, told The Sunday Age.
"In 1986, for instance, President Reagan ordered the bombing of targets in Libya in retaliation for a terrorist attack on a Berlin nightclub. Most authorities believe it was a thinly disguised attempt on the life of Colonel Gaddafi, who claims he lost a daughter in the raid."
Hitchens believes the CIA failed to stop the terrorist attack not because it was forbidden to assassinate terrorists, but because its operatives are loath to leave their comfy cubicles in Virginia. "The debate about the removal of the ban is manufactured to distract from that humiliating fact," he says.
"They are an elite, spoiled agency and haven't for a long time got anything right, but they would rather blame that on the (Church) investigation."
Indeed, a young CIA case officer quoted in a recent Atlantic Monthly article confirms that the organisation sorely lacks the right stuff. "Operations that include diarrhoea as a way of life don't happen," was his pungent assessment.
Yale law professor Harold Hongju Koh argues that under the circumstances, the United States can legally embark on an assassination bid without removing the ban. Above all, the charter of the United Nations recognises the right of self-defence.
"In the instance of taking out a terrorist, it can be argued the United States is acting in self-defence against someone who is likely to strike again," Professor Koh says. "And, of course, it's generally accepted that if a terrorist is killed in firefight in an operation to apprehend him, that act is not considered murder."
So if the ban were removed, what would be the effect? "In the short term, I don't think we would go back to the days when the US was trying to assassinate foreign leaders right and left," Tom Malinowski, from Human Rights Watch, says.
"I'm not scared of that. I'm scared because no one can predict the future. Once the United States legitimises political assassinations as an explicit tool of national policy, what is to stop its enemies seeing its political leaders as fair game?" he asks.
Douglas Valentine, author of The Phoenix Program, believes lifting the ban would be dangerous, especially if it led to a widespread program of assassinations. "The Vietcong actually infiltrated the Phoenix Program," he says, "as an example of what could go wrong. They were able to put on the hit-list members of the government of (south) Vietnam.
"Businessmen competing for the Coca-Cola franchise in Danang were putting each other's names on the Phoenix list. The Americans, with their limited language skills and unfamiliarity with the area, were easily deceived. Would it be any different in Central Asia?"
Human rights lawyer Mark Ratner believes it's better to have the ban and break it occasionally than not have it at all. "It acts as some restraint," he says. He does not trust the CIA to use any extended powers wisely. "Their job is to spy on people and do dirty deals. They get excessive quite easily. That's why these rules are so important."